I'm Richard Hayes

A Computer Science student at the University of Ottawa. I was a Microsoft Garage Developer Intern summer 2018. In Summer 2017, I attended the Wolfram Summer School and completed a Mathematica project. I recently built and pubilshed a Unity game called Personal Space.

I compete in Google Code Jam and on Code Forces. Each week, I solve some leet code challenges with friends. I like learning about data structures, algorithims, and solving programing challenges.


Recent Solutions

Daily Capacity

binary search optimization
1 Jun 2019

To determine the minimum capacity required to ship all packages within D days, it was optimal to use a binary search. Assuming that the minimum weight was K, we know that all capacities less than K will fail and all capacities larger will succeed. Thus, we perform a binary search over the space of all possible capacities until we find then minimum capacity K such that k-1 is false.

Alien Rhyme

Suffix Tree Post Order strings
13 Apr 2019

This problem is from Round 1A Google Code Jam 2019, I solved it by constructing a suffix tree, which I then traversed using a post order traversal in order to match strings into groups of two from longest to shortest suffix.

Dat Bae

interactive binary search
13 Apr 2019

To solve this problem from the 2019 Google Code Jam Qualification Round, I recursively split bit strings and sent them to the server, in order to perform a binary search. I used the results of this binary search to determine the index of up to fifteen broken machines out of a possible 1024 machines in 10 guesses or less.


Shortest Path Sum

Floyd-Warshall graph algorithm

Given the hex string in the white box below. Construct a graph according to the following rules:

  • Each unique letter is a node.
  • Two nodes have an edge between them if they are adjacent in the string.
  • The weight of the edge between two nodes is the hex value of the two connected nodes.
  • If the same edge appears twice, ignore its second appearance.
  • The weight of an edge from a node to itself is zero.

Find the sum of every unique shortest path. Two shortest paths are unique if one of the paths contains at least one node that the other does not. The shortest path between two nodes is a series of edges along which one could travel to get from one node to the other.

Example The hex string 5d0d has 3 unique nodes 5, d, and 0. As we traverse the string from left to right, we find the following edges:

  • Edge 5d with value 5 + d = 5 + 13 = 18
  • Edge d0 with value d + 0 = 13 + 0 = 13
  • Edge 0d which is the same as d0, so we ignore it

We have 3 shortest paths to consider as follows:

  • Path 0 to d with a cost of 13
  • Path 0 to 5 with a cost of 31
  • Path d to 5 with a cost of 18
  • Note, the remaining paths would just be one of the above in reverse.

So, the answer to this example case is 13 + 31 + 18 = 62



Binary Search

binary search algorithm

Given the function below, find the largest integer n such that query(n) returns false and query(n+1) returns true. The answer is an integer between 1 and 80000000000 (80 billion!)

function query(n) {
    let d1 = dist(n);
    let d2 = dist(n + 1);
    return d2 > d1;
function dist(v) {
    let c = (v + 28000000000)/10000000000;
    let t = c * Math.log(c)/2;
    let a = Math.pow(t - c, 2);
    let b1 = t + c;
    let b2 = c * Math.log(c);
    let b = Math.pow(b1 - b2, 2);
    return Math.sqrt(a + b);


Odd and Even Numbers 😏

tricky logic

Find the missing value (hint: read the title):

  • 80618 = 4
  • 10792 = 2
  • 21643 = 3
  • 75335 = 0
  • 44713 = ?



I make youtube videos about Unity, Git, Servers, and Algorithims.




Use arrow keys to move. Collect the gold before the other players. This is multiplayer game with anyone else on this site. Written with NodeJS and Socket.io. Player list and scores are shown below:



Spread is a game about strategically selecting a starting point for a virus. Left click on the canvas to start the spread.

I ran 273km in five days in the G2G Ultra Marathon! A self-supported foot race along the edge of the grand canyon. I've also run the Canadian Death Race, Al Andalus Ultimate Trail, Blackfoot Ultra, Bad Beaver Ultra, and Midnight Moose.


Reach out to me on Twitter or by email !